In some cases, expectant mothers tend to develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy and it usually resolves after child birth. This condition has serious effects on the fetus, if it is not treated properly. About 4% of pregnant women suffer from gestational diabetes across the world and most of them give birth to normal healthy babies. Just by following proper diet and lifestyle changes, expectant mothers can control the effects of gestational diabetes.
What is Gestational Diabetes?
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a medical condition in which pregnant women exhibits high blood glucose levels, without previous diagnose of diabetes. The insulin hormone regulates glucose in the bloodstream and if the there is a problem with insulin receptors, the glucose level in the blood increases and cause serious effects on the fetus. The pregnancy hormones tend to interfere with the insulin receptors and results in gestational diabetes.
Who are at Risk of Gestational Diabetes?
What are the Symptoms?
Generally, there are no symptoms observed in gestational diabetes, however some women may experience extreme thirst or abnormal fatigue as symptoms. It is necessary to have an antenatal glucose screening test between 24 weeks and 28 weeks of pregnancy. Pregnant women who are at high risk of gestational diabetes will be advised to take up blood glucose screening test to detect it.
How to Handle Gestational Diabetes?