AmchoPlast is a biological wound cover series launched by LifeCell. It is made from dehydrated and sterilized placental tissues that are donated. AmchoPlast is a proactive approach for the management of acute and chronic wounds. It combines the beneficial effects of the native extracellular matrix (ECM) along with some of the biological components retained in the dehydrated wound cover for advanced wound healing.
AmchoPlast is a dry, thick, multi-layer wound cover that is derived from the placental tissues - amnion and chorion. These tissues form the extracellular matrix membrane that separates the fetus from the endometrium. The semipermeable and bio-absorbable nature of AmchoPlast is owing to the structure of these tissues.
The amnion or amniotic membrane, is the innermost layer of the membrane covering the embryo during its formation. It eventually fills with amniotic fluid and protects the developing embryo from mechanical injuries. The amnion is usually 0.02-0.5cm thick, and is further made up of 5 layers -
The chorion also forms the outer layer protecting the embryo from external factors, and is located right under the amniotic layer. The 3 layers of chorion membrane that is used for the development of AmchoPlast include3:
Various biological components of the extracellular matrix involved in the regulation of wound healing are retained in the final allograft. They mainly include the structural proteins, growth factors, and cytokines.
Structural proteins are biological components that give cells and tissues their structure. Some of these are retained in AmchoPlast and include:
Biological components found in AmchoPlast also include certain growth factors and cytokines, which are also known as chemical messengers known to mediate cellular as well as nuclear functions. They include:
It is due to all these biological components (and their functions) that are retained during the production of AmchoPlast, that this wound cover gets a plethora of therapeutic features. Every component that makes up the base layer of AmchoPlast contributes towards its exceptional wound healing nature and shows great potential when it comes to healing of wounds.