Sexually transmitted diseases or STDs are the infections that spread through sexual contact1. People and even health organizations may often use STIs (sexually transmitted infections) and STDs interchangeably but both are quite different. STIs are infections that are not yet developed into disease and they can be caused by certain viruses, bacterium, or parasites2.
It’ll be correct to say that STDs emerge from an STI initially, meaning when pathogens (bacteria, virus or parasite) attack the human body they start as an infection. But as they breed, multiply and begin to interrupt the body's normal functioning and structure, they become a sexually transmitted disease2.
As we’ve read above, Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are STDs; they are caused by bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, respectively5,6. Chlamydia predominantly infects younger females but can also occur in both men and women of all age groups7. Gonorrhea equally affects both genders8.
Chlamydia trachomatis Bacteria Under Microscope
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Bacteria Under Microscope
Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are sexually transmitted diseases, which means that they can spread through sexual interactions. In simpler terms, if an infected person has intercourse with a healthy individual then he/she is most likely to contract the STD. The spread of these STDs can occur through oral, vaginal and anal sex5,9.
Furthermore, bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis can also affect the rectum region, wherein, the infection caused by it may or may not show symptoms. However, the typical symptoms for the same include rectal bleeding/discharge and rectal pain10. In some cases, the individuals can also get chlamydial eye infection, conjunctivitis or more frequently known as pink eye10,12.
Furthermore, Gonorrhea can also affect other parts of the body such as11-
Although both STDs are highly contagious amongst any age group and gender, some factors still put specific individuals at high risk.
Detection of STDs Gonorrhea and Chlamydia can be assessed by a simple test. These tests include the following:
Talking about sexual health can be uncomfortable for both men and women, which is why many STD cases go unreported. This is where at-home self-collection STD testing kits come to your rescue! Such kits maintain a patient's privacy while also assisting in providing accurate results. A variety of at-home self-collection test kits are available in the market, which can be used to detect common STDs like Chlamydia and Gonorrhea.
Lifecell also offers one such at-home self-collection Chlamydia & Gonorrhea test kit that provides personalised insights into your sexual health.
Collecting your samples for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea tests are now simple as ever! Once you order LifeCell’s at-home self-collection kit from www.lifecell.in, you will receive a list of items (within the kit) along with an instruction manual to help you collect the sample. Follow the easy steps and ship your sample to us.
Rest assured! You will receive the results in the next 2 days (after your sample reaches us) through a personalized dashboard.
If you or your partner have been diagnosed with Chlamydia or Gonorrhea, it is advisable that you seek medical attention. Fortunately, if these sexually transmitted diseases are detected earlier, they can be treated with the help of antibiotics15,16.
Also, if one of the sexual partners gets a positive test result (for Chlamydia, Gonorrhea or any other STD) then it’s highly recommended that the other partner must get screened too.
The stigma around sexually transmitted diseases is still prevalent in our society. It’s high time that we stop the so-called “taboo” and start addressing STDs as a medical condition. A few easy steps can be taken to raise awareness about sexually transmitted diseases. This could include practising safe sex and giving teenagers basic sex education.
If you or your partner are experiencing any STD or STI symptoms, you should get screened as soon as possible. However, if you want to take control of your sexual health, LifeCell’s at-home “Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Test - Male & Female” can be of great aid. Our simple self collection test kits will help in the detection of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea within 2 days (once the sample reaches the lab), giving reliable results and expert recommendations for further treatment.
Your sexual health is as important as your mental & physical well-being so don’t ignore it and get tested today!